Can CBD help Your Pet?

Photo by Jamie Street

Benefits of CBD for Pets

There is a huge renewed growth in interest for the therapeutic use of cannabis in pets and animals. In recent years cannabis use has become a focal point for veterinary medicine and there is a lot of discussions which has led it to become a mainstream topic.

The development of CBD based pet products and treats has led to a multi-billion dollar industry that is fuelled by the demand of pet owners, while the law and medical establishments are a few steps behind.

Cannabis History

Photo by João SilasCannabis has been used by both humans and animals for millennia. First documented by the Chinese around 3000BC and documented in their book of Pharmacopoeia as a medicinal herb. The ancient Greeks used cannabis to dress the wounds of animals and sores on their horses and the same method applied to combat horses in the WW1. In England and the US, cannabis was imported from the East for decades to treat colic and sedate nervous or injured horses. It is a well-known fact that cannabis has been used by in the horse fraternity to improve the performance of jumpers, saddlers and racehorses. Today we are seeing a renewed interest in cannabis for treatment not only in horses but other domesticated animals such as cats and dogs.

How does Cannabis work for our Pets?

Photo by Kimzy NanneyJust like in humans all animals with vertebrate have an endocannabinoid system ( ECS ) that contains millions of receptors that bind with cannabinoids. The ECS is comprised of both the central nervous and immune system and is generally considered the bridge between the body and mind. This neuromodulatory system plays an important role in the development of the central nervous system. The ECS is responsible for a number of important bodily functions such as mood, movement, appetite and memory to name a few. Although the exact science of exactly how cannabinoids work in synergy together is still baffling both scientists and researchers we are getting closer to the answer. However, for now, we do know that cannabis does play a huge role in the regulation of the system, helping it achieve a better balance in health and wellness as well as bringing us back to a healthy balance ( homoeostasis ).

Just like in humans, cannabinoids work for our pets. But one thing that is an important consideration is their bodies are generally smaller and built differently to ours, so what may be good for you, may be terrible for your small dog. It’s very important to note that although cannabis may be an effective treatment and supplement for our pets, it can also cause unwanted side-effects if the dosage is too high. The Recommended Daily Intake ( RDI ) for people has still not been agreed upon and the same goes for our furry friends. The best advice is to seek an open-minded vets advice, thoroughly check the product you purchase for your pet that meets standards and quality checks, as well as start “low and slow”.

What is Hemp?

Hemp ( CBD ) is defined as cannabis sativa that contains less than 0.3% THC in the USA. For many years companies have manufactured and marketed CBD rich products for both human and animal consumption. The good news is that the 2018 Farm Bill has removed hemp as a banned substance which can be cultivated and processed by licensed farmers in the US. The FDA and the federal government is not in agreement and the debate still continues about whether or not CBD is a drug. While CBD products are a little bit more legal, veterinary use of these products is a totally different story. As of the end of 2018 the Veterinary Medical Board CBDof California still had no official stance or policy on CBD. They do state that no vets should discuss, recommend or sell any CBD products, and could have their medical license revoked. In response, veterinarians and other interested parties proposed AB 2215 as an amendment to state law, this was passed late in 2018. Today vets are able to discuss and recommend CBD products to pet owners! With a little bit of luck, California will be the first state in the US to recommend medical cannabis for pets. This will be decided no later than the 1st of January 2020 and is already in the hands of Congress to decide on the matter.

As a pet owner, you are able to purchase CBD pet products and even consider purchasing medical cannabis for your pets that contains THC. However, getting advise or dosage information from your vet may be a battle as it could put your vet’s medical license in jeopardy. So its no smooth sailing for either pet owners or vets, the law is neither here nor there on the matter.

Public demand and an exponentially growing cannabis market will ensure that products are legally available, but until the law catches up its still a very grey line to cross.


The Benefits of CBD for Pets

If you have read this far, I am sure you have either used CBD on your pet or willing to try. With the thousands of tests that have been done on both humans and animals alike, there is mounting evidence that CBD actually works. Below are some of the major benefits that pets will receive when incorporating CBD into their diet. Photo by Andreas Wagner

  • – CBD helps treat seizures and epileptic fits in pets
  • – Helps increase your pet’s appetite
  • – Brilliant treatment for pain and inflammation
  • – May help treat cancer in older pets
  • – CBD is great for the heart health

Bottom line is CBD is an effective treatment not only for people but for pets too. Being a responsible pet owner is the most important fact when treating your loved ones with CBD. Investigate the products, ask questions about the product from the retailer, speak to other pet owners that may be treating their pets with CBD and most importantly is a start “low and slow.”

Athletes are Benefiting from CBD

CBD and its Benefits for Athletes

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An early big win for professional athletes as Cannabidiol has been removed from the list of prohibited substances! This opens up the starting gates for athletes wanting to treat their pain and inflammation from pre- and post-stress work-outs, which CBD seems to do naturally.

Natural CBD formulas are undoubtedly good for people and offer an alternative treatment to traditional prescription medicines that often leave patients with unwanted side-effects. While CBD and other cannabinoid derived medicines continue to be met with speculation many sports leagues are starting to address the issue athletes have been hurdling over to get the treatment they deserve.

What is CBD

Photo by Esteban LopezCBD is one of the primary cannabinoids that is extracted from the cannabis sativa plant, especially the variety of cannabis known as hemp. It was the first molecule isolated in cannabis; it was at first thought to be a precursor to the well-known cannabinoid, Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. Since it was discovered that CBD is an isolated cannabinoid over 100 other cannabinoids have been identified. Although most cannabinoids offer medical properties there seems to be much interest in the CBD molecule because of the variety of potential medical benefits it offers.  Because it is non-     psychoactive there has been much confusion about its legality.

CBD works very well with our bodies and actually binds to receptors found throughout our endocannabinoid system ( ECS ). Our ECS is comprised of both our immune and central nervous system and includes organs such as the brain and skin. Just like other cannabinoids it interacts with tiny receptors known as CB1 and CB2 receptors and helps them regulate communication and production of hormones thus reducing and relieving conditions such as pain and inflammation.

Legality of CBD

Photo by Claire AndersonThe US Food and Drug Administration already has given the green light for its approval of CBD as medicine by releasing its first CBD based medicine last year. Epidiolex was approved by the FDA last year already and is used in the treatment of rare forms epilepsy and its associated symptoms of seizures. So effective is the CBD as a treatment for seizures many patients often reduce hundreds of seizures a day to zero after treatment of Epidiolex.

CBD is legal in all 50 states as long as the CBD is extracted from legal hemp. This is thanks to the Farm Bill that was passed by the Senate on 11 December 2018 and signed the following day. This means for the first time in over 50 years farmers are able to plant, cultivate and process hemp and is great news for the CBD industry.

So technically CBD is a legal commodity as long as the final product is derived from local hemp. Hemp is technically and legally noted as a plant with less than 0.3% THC. What is important about hemp is that it is packed with CBD and its easily extracted using a variety of methods.

CBD and Athletes

The demand for CBD treatments has surged in the last couple of years. Not only are peer-reviewed studies proving the promising medical benefits, athletes who have taken the plunge and tried CBD for themselves have also realized the benefits.


Leonard Marshall – NFL defence end Leonard Marshall has used CBD instead of traditional treatments after he showed signs of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy ( CTE ). NFL is a dangerous contact sport and statistics show that up to 40% of players may show signs of CTE. A traumatic brain injury is caused by concussions in the contact sport. Leonard Marshall’s use of CBD has been tremendous and his symptoms were significantly lowered or disappeared completely after treatment of CBD oil.







Eugene Monroe – An NFL offensive player was one of the first professional athletes to come out of the closet and open admit to his use of CBD as a medical treatment for his health and wellness. He is also an advocate for further studies of CBD in sports science as well as an activist for the removal of cannabinoid-based medicine in the athlete’s treatment protocol.




source: wikipedia

Nate Diaz – MMA fighter Nate Diaz made it public knowledge in 2016 about his use of CBD. At a press conference following his fight with Conor Mcgregor, it was established that his vape pen did, in fact, contain CBD while he was answering journalists questions! Diaz claims to use CBD before and after fights and finds that it gives him the strength he needs to be such a top fighter.





Chris Camozzi – Another mixed-martial athlete that used CBD for pain and inflammation is Chris Camozzi in the MMA league. The fighter claims CBD has been a highly effective and efficient treatment for the knocks he has taken to his body over the years and allows him to continue fighting in the sport of his choice.





Above are just a couple of professional sports stars that have turned to CBD as well as openly advocate the use of CBD for natural treatment of their conditions. Many more will follow suit and this is also due to sports league administrations allowing the use of CBD. The World Anti-Doping Agency has also recently made changes to their prohibited substances and CBD is one of them.

” Cannabidiol is not a cannabimimetic and has no psychoactive activity. Synthetic cannabidiol will not have THC but cannabidiol extracted from cannabis plants may also contain varying concentrations of THC, which remains a prohibited substance “. Source


The athletes mentioned above are paving the way to a more natural way of treating sports-related injuries and conditions in the future. We will be seeing CBD as a treatment of choice in the near future, not only because it works, but also because of it being natural with almost no side-effects.

The Evolution of Cannabis Culture

The Evolution of Cannabis Culture

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Cannabis has been used by both ancient and modern civilization for millennia and throughout time. Its medicinal uses were first documented by the Chinese around 3000BC and listed in their book of Pharmacopoeia for its use as a medicinal treatment of many conditions. Today we are seeing cannabis being used by a broad range of society from business people through to senior citizens and professional sportsmen. In fact, cannabis is the fastest growing industry in the world from consumer demand through to the financial revenue it is turning over and expected to grow to more than $20 billion legal industry by next year.

Recreational cannabis use only became popular during the 20th century and consumption of cannabis has steadily increased since the 1970s. The flower power generation was, for the most part, were responsible for the popularity of marijuana during this period and one must not forget it was illegal to consume or cultivate cannabis since the passing of the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937. Regulations and restrictions of the sale or use of cannabis in America had already begun as early as 1906. In the years leading up to the tax act, the use of cannabis for recreation and medicinal use was fairly common, more so than the Mexican slang word “ Marihuana”. After the enactment of the Marijuana Tax Act, both immigrants of US citizens could be arrested and prosecuted if caught with cannabis.

Source: wikipedia



”It really puzzles me to see marijuana connected with narcotics…dope and all that crap. It’s a thousand times better than whiskey – it’s an assistant – a friend.” – Louis Armstrong (American trumpeter, composer and singer)



Cannabidiol ( CBD ) was one of the first cannabinoids discovered by scientists in 1940 and was mistakenly thought to be a precursor to the cannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol ( THC ) which was isolated in 1964 by an Israeli scientist. Since these early years over 100 cannabinoids have been isolated from the cannabis sativa genus of plant. Most of these isolated cannabinoids have shown much potential for medicinal and therapeutic treatments of many diseases, illnesses and conditions.

In 1996 California was the first American state to broaden their laws regarding medical marijuana use. Today almost all American states have either broadened both medical and recreational marijuana laws and 10 states have legalized recreational cannabis use. It seems the likes of “Cheech and Chong” are a by-gone era of stoner stigma and today we are seeing cannabis being used throughout society not just as a medicinal treatment but also for health and wellness.

Cannabis has been researched and tested in thousands of peer-reviewed studies and the results are looking overwhelmingly promising. Cannabinoids have been reported to treat and relieve symptoms of diseases such as cancer, arthritis, HIV/ Aids, glaucoma epilepsy, PTSD and many more. The reason cannabis is such a good treatment is due to its anti-inflammatory, analgesic and neuroregenerative properties. In fact, the US Food and Drug Administration approved its first CBD based medicine in July 2018 that is prescribed for the treatment of rare forms of epilepsy such as dravet syndrome.

This is a big step in the right direction for our government agencies because on federal level cannabis is still classified as Schedule 1 drug with no medical value and a high potential of abuse! This could not be further from the truth and the Trump Administration has also recently passed the 2018 Farm Bill which allows licensed farmers to cultivate and process hemp within regulation. This Bill has opened up the floodgates with regards to the local commercialization of a nationwide cannabis industry and many business and investors are now entering into a rapidly growing industry.

Source: wikipedia



“Marijuana is classified as a Schedule I substance, defined as (one of) the most dangerous drugs with no currently accepted medical use. Neither of those statements has ever been factual.” – Sanjay Gupta (American neurosurgeon and media reporter)






Cannabis supposedly has over 25000 uses and we are already seeing many industries taking up hemp and combining into their products. The hemp seed oil is being used extensively in beauty and products as well as the cannabinoids like CBD which can be infused into topical balms, salves and night creams. Cannabis oil is used in edibles, capsules, concentrates and even CBD patches you may apply to an area of your skin that is in pain or inflamed.

Cannabis has also been used on animals since the beginning of time and today with the development of technology cannabis can be used safely for your pets. CBD pet treats or tinctures are formulated specifically for your pets. They are natural, non-toxic and healthy supplements that your pets will enjoy and help them relax and feel less anxious. CBD is not psychoactive and will not cause any psychotropic effects in your animals after consumption.

Thousands of people today are starting to use cannabis to improve their health and feel less stressed during the day and night. Cannabis is not only good for your daily but can also be used to treat sore muscles and stiff joints. Using cannabis body products will leave your skin feeling fresh and rejuvenated while the effects will be long-lasting.

With easier and safer access to cannabis, many adults are starting to incorporate cannabis into a part of their life. Whether it is used for recreational, medicinal or therapeutic benefits in your life its important to start using cannabis in your daily life. Our endocannabinoid system ( ECS ) that comprises of both our immune and nervous system relies on an external supplement of cannabinoids for optimal body health in all mammals to maintain balance. Supplementing your diet with natural cannabinoids will allow your body to reach homoeostasis and leave you feeling energised and healthy.

If you don’t like cannabis you will not like the future. Cannabis is developing into a sophisticated billon-dollar industry worldwide and the evidence is out there to prove the potential value of this plant in our world. Long gone are the days of it being in the hands of a long-haired, flower power hippie it’s literally painting the world green. The cannabis industry is not called the “green rush” for nothing.

Source: wikipedia




“I think pot should be legal. I don’t smoke it, but I like the smell of it.” – Andy Worhol



CBD & The Health/Beauty Industry

Why CBD is Important for the Health and Beauty Industry

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The recent passing of the 2018 Farm Bill has opened the floodgates for retailing of health and beauty products containing CannaBiDiol derived from hemp in the USA.

Mainstream chain stores and large public companies are now dipping their ties into the burgeoning cannabis industry. The Brightfield Group expects the CBD market turnover to be worth over $22 billion by 2022 and this is certainly not an opportunity to be missed by retailers. Even Coca-Cola is rumoured to have been investigating the launch of a CBD based drink.

“We have seen a high level of interest in cannabis beauty from retailers over the past month based on our store checks and incremental launches. We expect further retailer developments in the coming months,” says Erinn Murphy, Piper Jaffray’s senior research analyst.” Reported by CNBC

The Body Shop was one of the pioneers in the beauty industry by developing a hemp range of products as early as 1997. Since then mainstream companies like Sephora and Barneys have also followed suit and joined the green rush. The cannabis industry is getting a lot more sophisticated and guests to the 2019 Oscars held in Los Angeles last month were gifted some hemp body products.

“Today, the hemp range is one of The Body Shop’s most profitable, with a tube

of Hemp Hard-Working Hand Protector being sold every nine seconds worldwide.” – Canadian Living

CBD is being added from skin cream to ice-cream and a wide variety of unique products containing CBD are being launched offline and online each day. CBD is not only a hot trending new compound that has many therapeutic properties but also has many potential properties for treatments of certain diseases, illnesses and conditions.

Hemp CBD vs Hemp Seed Oil

Hemp is a variety of cannabis sativa that contains little or no psychoactive cannabinoids, namely THC or Tetrahydrocannabinol. However, hemp does contain another primary cannabinoid of cannabis sativa, which is not psychoactive and is known as CBD. Both these cannabinoids and the over 100 cannabinoids are extracted from cannabis sativa in varying quantities and which largely depends on the variety of cannabis. The cannabinoids are usually extracted from the leaves and flowers of the flowering cannabis sativa. The cannabinoids are extracted from the plant matter using a variety of methods and usually using a CO2 closed-loop extraction method on a large commercial scale.

Hemp seed oil is a vegetable-based oil similar to olive or avocado oil and is rich in vitamins, minerals, omega fatty acids and anti-oxidants. The natural oil is usually extracted from the hemp plants seeds using cold-pressing techniques also used to extract oil from olive fruits. No cannabinoids are extracted from the seed and the hemp seed oil can also be used as a carrier oil in many other applications.

Beauty and CBD

Although there are many claimed medical benefits of using CBD there are also many reasons to use CBD to nourish and revitalize your body and skin. CBD is a natural cannabinoid that can be infused into a variety of body and beauty products, from lip balms and body butter through to moisturizers and shower gels. CBD is a great body topical treatment that may even relieve joint pain and inflammation on the skin.

CBD Oil Benefits the Skin because:

  • it is easily absorbed.
  • does not leave an oily residue.
  • long-lasting.
  • therapeutic and medicinal properties.
  • excellent anti-oxidant.
  • leaves the skin rejuvenated and fresh.

“Today, the hemp range is one of The Body Shop’s most profitable, with a tube

of Hemp Hard-Working Hand Protector being sold every nine seconds worldwide. During wintertime, it’s the brand’s bestselling product in Canada. Why so popular? Because it works, says Hirsch. Hemp oil is rich in essential fatty acids, like omegas. “Your skin produces sebum and natural moisturizing factors, and hemp has that perfect balance of omega-3, -6 and -9,” says Hirsch. She likens hemp oil’s structure to your own sebum. “It enhances your skin’s barrier function, which means you’ll retain more moisture and your skin will be able to do its job in protecting you.” – Jennifer Hirsch, renowned botanist and consultant for The Body Shop\

How does CBD Interact with the Skin

Cannabinoids act both as an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agent for the skin. CBD dampens and regulates the body’s immune response which are desirable conditions for an overactive immune system. Topicals applied will take 20 minutes to 40 minutes to absorb the effects of the cannabinoid oil leaving your skin feeling refreshed, invigorated and rejuvenated.

Hemp oil-based beauty products are perfect for most skin types as it can moisturize without clogging your pores. Added CBD helps regulate the skins natural oil production and even out oily spots while providing your skin nourishment and anti-oxidants.

CBD and Ageing

Detoriation of health and slowing down of the bodies natural metabolisms is a natural process of ageing. Many elderly people turn to pharmaceutical drugs to slow down this process, some with sometimes severe side-effects. Many seniors are turning to CBD as it is non-psychoactive and does not have any potentially fatal side effects, but possibly make you feel dizzy and sleepy with a dry mouth at worst. A 2016 study on animals completed at the University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy, reported that transdermal CBD gel relieved symptoms of inflammation and joint pain. And this helps us understand why CBD is so practical for diseases and conditions related to ageing.

CBD and Acne

Due to the excellent anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of CBD acne is no match for the therapeutic power of it. A study conducted in 2014 by researchers reports that the cannabinoid does have merit and definitely reduces oil production of the skin when required.

“Collectively, our findings suggest that, due to the combined lipostatic, antiproliferative, and anti-inflammatory effects, CBD has potential as a promising therapeutic agent for the treatment of acne vulgaris.” 2014 Study

CBD for Eczema

“A pill of cannabis indica at bedtime has at my hands sometimes afforded relief to the intolerable itching of eczema.” – Dr Henry Granger Piffard Founder of American dermatology ( 1842 -1910 )

“It has long been observed that cannabinoids possess anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and anti-itch qualities, but not until recently has high-quality research been published to understand the physiological effects underlying these anecdotal reports.” National Eczema Association


CBD is not just another trending fad, but will establish itself as a leading compound in most body and beauty products on the market in the near future. As farmers sow their seeds we are already seeing the increase in demand for quality CBD based products.


CBD Explained

Photo by Esteban Lopez


Over time, cannabis has become increasingly popular due of the numerous benefits that have been associated with its use. Even with the restrictions on the use, sales and distribution of cannabis, its users still enjoy numerous benefits.

Cannabis plant contains a variety of active compounds. These active compounds are known to include terpenes, cannabidiol otherwise known as CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol otherwise known as THC. This article covers CBD, a notable active compound in cannabis plant highlighting its features and how it interacts with the different components of the body.

What is CBD?

As highlighted above, CBD is an active compound found in the cannabis plant. CBD is also found in hemp plants. These active compounds in cannabis and hemp plants are known as cannabinoids.

Cannabis has two major cannabinoids, tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol. Tetrahydrocannabinol is more popular than cannabidiol and produces different effects on the body which include pain relief and psychoactive effects.

How CBD interacts with the human body

Photo by Amarnath Tade

The human body has different systems that coordinate different types of activities. There is the digestive system which ensures that food taken in are properly broken down and absorbed to nourish the body. There is also the nervous system which coordinates the activities of different systems as well as interactions with the environment.

Research has established that there is an endocannabinoid system in the body of humans, and the interaction of CBD, as well as other cannabinoids with components of the endocannabinoid system, lead to their different effects.

Components of the endocannabinoid system include receptors such as CBD1 and CBD2. The endocannabinoid system exists because the body produces endocannabinoids which interact with these receptors.

CBD interacts with the two major receptors of the endocannabinoid system, CBD1, and CBD2 differently, the basics of some of its actions in the different parts of the body. It is important to mention that CBD has a lower affinity to these receptors than THC and the endocannabinoids produced within the body. It has been established that the major consequence of the interaction between CBD and the CBD1 and CBD2 receptors is the modulation of the hyperactivity of THC. THC is known for highly psychoactive effects.

Apart from the receptors of the endocannabinoid system, CBD also interacts with other components such as hormones and signaling pathways.

CBD is also known to interact with the serotonin receptors. Serotonin is a major neurotransmitter that modulates behaviors. When serotonin is released from the ends of neurons into the synaptic cleft, it causes good moods. However, serotonin only acts for a limited period. When CBD interacts with the serotonin receptors, it causes the release of serotonin.

Serotonin is also known as 5-, and its receptors are part of a group known as the 5-HT receptors. The specific receptor which CBD binds to is the 5-HT1A, a member of the 5-HT receptor family. The interaction between the serotonin receptor and CBD has thus indicated that CBD can serve as a therapeutic agent for managing anxiety and insomnia amongst other conditions.

Vanilloid receptors are another group of receptors that can interact with CBD. Examples of vanilloid receptors include TRPV1. TRPV1 is an ion channel receptor that modulates processes such as thermoregulation.

The interaction of CBD with enzymes can directly or indirectly affect bodily functions. CBD interacts with a major enzyme that regulates the activities of the endocannabinoid system. This enzyme is known as fatty acids amide hydrolase. Fatty acid amide hydrolase is an enzyme that is responsible for breaking down an endogenous cannabinoid known as anandamide. The hydrolysis of this endocannabinoid makes its action shortlived. CBD counters the effects of fatty acid amide hydrolase by acting as an inhibitor. The inhibition effect of CBD thus increases the activity of the endogenous cannabinoids in the body resulting in positive effects.

CBD also has an inhibitory effect on another substance involved in the metabolism of anandamide. This substance is known as a fatty acid-binding protein. The role of this protein is to transfer the metabolized anandamide from the metabolizing compartment. As CBD inhibits this action, it leads to improved effects of anandamide which has positive effects on systems of the body such as the immune and nervous systems.

Research has established the mechanisms mentioned above, amongst others, as the ways which CBD reacts with the body. The numerous benefits of CBD are thus are a result of its interaction with components of the endocannabinoid system, and these effects could be direct or indirect.